Liste aller 45 Präsidenten der USA: Von George Washington bis Donald Trump. Hier finden Sie alle amerikanischen Präsidenten aufgelistet. Alle Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika (einschließlich der Südstaaten-Konföderation) mit Abbildungen und Kurzportraits. US-Präsidenten seit Im April wurde Vizepräsident Harry Truman durch den Tod Franklin D. Roosevelts Dwight D. Eisenhower durchlief vor. Wenn aber Quellen des FBI nicht mehr bezahlt werden könnten, bestehe das Risiko, "sie und die von ihnen gelieferten Informationen für immer zu verlieren", wurde ein Mitarbeiter zitiert. Vielleicht wegen dieser Erfahrung trieb Franklin D. Die Versuche, unsere Wahrnehmung zu steuern, werden immer schamloser. Hinzu kommen Privilegien wie ein kostenloses Büro, ein Diplomatenpass und Haushaltsmittel casino saarbrücken albrecht Bürohilfe und Assistenten. Darauf einigten sich am Dienstag die Casino fuxx hagen von Republikanern und oppositionellen Demokraten im Senat, allerdings werden den Vorlagen nur geringe Chancen auf eine Mehrheit eingeräumt. Die wirtschaftliche Krise von schwächte die gesamte Weltwirtschaft. Ursprünglich nur zur Sicherung von Stimmen aus dem Süden casino stachus, wurde Tyler der erste Vizepräsident, der durch den Tod des gewählten Präsidenten in das Amt aufrückte. US-Präsident Trump droht, den Übergangshaushalt usa presidenten zu unterschreiben, wenn ihm der Kongress darin nicht fünf Milliarden Dollar für eine Grenzmauer zu Mexiko genehmigt. Die aktuelle Regelung besteht seit Es gebe eine süle fc bayern gute Aussicht", eine Exodus 2019 dortmund zu erreichen. Ski weltcup damen köpfige Wahlmännerkollegium tritt als solches also nie zusammen.
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John Quincy Adams — Martin Van Buren — William Henry Harrison — James Knox Polk — Ulysses Simpson Grant — Rutherford Birchard Hayes — James Abram Garfield — Chester Alan Arthur — Stephen Grover Cleveland — Moreover, Congress can overturn an executive order though legislation e.
The president also has the power to nominate federal judges , including members of the United States courts of appeals and the Supreme Court of the United States.
However, these nominations require Senate confirmation. Securing Senate approval can provide a major obstacle for presidents who wish to orient the federal judiciary toward a particular ideological stance.
When nominating judges to U. Presidents may also grant pardons and reprieves. Gerald Ford pardoned Richard Nixon a month after taking office.
Bill Clinton pardoned Patty Hearst on his last day in office, as is often done just before the end of a second presidential term, but not without controversy.
Historically, two doctrines concerning executive power have developed that enable the president to exercise executive power with a degree of autonomy.
The first is executive privilege , which allows the president to withhold from disclosure any communications made directly to the president in the performance of executive duties.
When Nixon tried to use executive privilege as a reason for not turning over subpoenaed evidence to Congress during the Watergate scandal , the Supreme Court ruled in United States v.
Nixon , U. When President Clinton attempted to use executive privilege regarding the Lewinsky scandal , the Supreme Court ruled in Clinton v.
Jones , U. These cases established the legal precedent that executive privilege is valid, although the exact extent of the privilege has yet to be clearly defined.
Additionally, federal courts have allowed this privilege to radiate outward and protect other executive branch employees, but have weakened that protection for those executive branch communications that do not involve the president.
The state secrets privilege allows the president and the executive branch to withhold information or documents from discovery in legal proceedings if such release would harm national security.
Precedent for the privilege arose early in the 19th century when Thomas Jefferson refused to release military documents in the treason trial of Aaron Burr and again in Totten v.
United States 92 U. Supreme Court until United States v. Therefore, the president cannot directly introduce legislative proposals for consideration in Congress.
For example, the president or other officials of the executive branch may draft legislation and then ask senators or representatives to introduce these drafts into Congress.
The president can further influence the legislative branch through constitutionally or statutorily mandated, periodic reports to Congress. Additionally, the president may attempt to have Congress alter proposed legislation by threatening to veto that legislation unless requested changes are made.
In the 20th century, critics charged that too many legislative and budgetary powers that should have belonged to Congress had slid into the hands of presidents.
As the head of the executive branch, presidents control a vast array of agencies that can issue regulations with little oversight from Congress.
If both houses cannot agree on a date of adjournment, the president may appoint a date for Congress to adjourn. For example, Franklin Delano Roosevelt convened a special session of Congress immediately after the December 7, , Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor and asked for a declaration of war.
As head of state, the president can fulfill traditions established by previous presidents. William Howard Taft started the tradition of throwing out the ceremonial first pitch in at Griffith Stadium , Washington, D.
Every president since Taft, except for Jimmy Carter , threw out at least one ceremonial first ball or pitch for Opening Day, the All-Star Game , or the World Series , usually with much fanfare.
The President of the United States has served as the honorary president of the Boy Scouts of America since the founding of the organization.
Other presidential traditions are associated with American holidays. Hayes began in the first White House egg rolling for local children.
Truman administration, every Thanksgiving the president is presented with a live domestic turkey during the annual National Thanksgiving Turkey Presentation held at the White House.
Since , when the custom of "pardoning" the turkey was formalized by George H. Bush , the turkey has been taken to a farm where it will live out the rest of its natural life.
Many outgoing presidents since James Buchanan traditionally give advice to their successor during the presidential transition.
During a state visit by a foreign head of state, the president typically hosts a State Arrival Ceremony held on the South Lawn , a custom begun by John F.
Some argue that images of the presidency have a tendency to be manipulated by administration public relations officials as well as by presidents themselves.
One critic described the presidency as "propagandized leadership" which has a "mesmerizing power surrounding the office". Kennedy was described as carefully framed "in rich detail" which "drew on the power of myth" regarding the incident of PT  and wrote that Kennedy understood how to use images to further his presidential ambitions.
Nelson believes presidents over the past thirty years have worked towards "undivided presidential control of the executive branch and its agencies".
Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the Constitution sets three qualifications for holding the presidency. To serve as president, one must:.
A person who meets the above qualifications would, however, still be disqualified from holding the office of president under any of the following conditions:.
The most common previous profession of U. Nominees participate in nationally televised debates , and while the debates are usually restricted to the Democratic and Republican nominees, third party candidates may be invited, such as Ross Perot in the debates.
Nominees campaign across the country to explain their views, convince voters and solicit contributions. Much of the modern electoral process is concerned with winning swing states through frequent visits and mass media advertising drives.
The president is elected indirectly by the voters of each state and the District of Columbia through the Electoral College, a body of electors formed every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president to concurrent four-year terms.
As prescribed by the Twelfth Amendment, each state is entitled to a number of electors equal to the size of its total delegation in both houses of Congress.
Additionally, the Twenty-third Amendment provides that the District of Columbia is entitled to the number it would have if it were a state, but in no case more than that of the least populous state.
On the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, about six weeks after the election, the electors convene in their respective state capitals and in Washington D.
They typically vote for the candidates of the party that nominated them. While there is no constitutional mandate or federal law requiring them to do so, the District of Columbia and 30 states have laws requiring that their electors vote for the candidates to whom they are pledged.
The votes of the electors are opened and counted during a joint session of Congress, held in the first week of January. If a candidate has received an absolute majority of electoral votes for president currently of , that person is declared the winner.
Otherwise, the House of Representatives must meet to elect a president using a contingent election procedure in which representatives, voting by state delegation, with each state casting a single vote, choose between the top electoral vote-getters for president.
For a candidate to win, he or she must receive the votes of an absolute majority of states currently 26 of A 73—73 electoral vote tie between Thomas Jefferson and fellow Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr in the election of necessitated the first.
Conducted under the original procedure established by Article II, Section 1, Clause 3 of the Constitution, which stipulates that if two or three persons received a majority vote and an equal vote, the House of Representatives would choose one of them for president; the runner up would become Vice President.
Afterward, the system was overhauled through the Twelfth Amendment in time to be used in the election. Under the Twelfth Amendment, the House was required to choose a president from among the top three electoral vote recipients: Held February 9, , this second and most recent contingent election resulted in John Quincy Adams being elected president on the first ballot.
Pursuant to the Twentieth Amendment , the four-year term of office for both the president and vice president begins at noon on January As a result of the date change, the first term —37 of both men had been shortened by 43 days.
Before executing the powers of the office, a president is required to recite the presidential oath of office , found in Article II, Section 1, Clause 8.
This is the only component in the inauguration ceremony mandated by the Constitution:. I do solemnly swear or affirm that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.
Presidents have traditionally placed one hand upon a Bible while taking the oath, and have added "So help me God" to the end of the oath. When the first president, George Washington, announced in his Farewell Address that he was not running for a third term, he established a "two-terms then out" precedent.
Precedent became tradition after Thomas Jefferson publicly embraced the principle a decade later during his second term, as did his two immediate successors, James Madison and James Monroe.
Grant sought a non-consecutive third term in ,  as did Theodore Roosevelt in though it would have been only his second full term. In , after leading the nation through the Great Depression , Franklin Roosevelt was elected to a third term, breaking the self-imposed precedent.
Four years later, with the U. Bush , and Barack Obama. Both Jimmy Carter and George H. Bush sought a second term, but were defeated.
Richard Nixon was elected to a second term, but resigned before completing it. Johnson , having held the presidency for one full term in addition to only 14 months of John F.
Article II, Section 4 of the Constitution allows for the removal of high federal officials, including the president, from office for " treason , bribery , or other high crimes and misdemeanors.
Two presidents have been impeached by the House of Representatives: Andrew Johnson in , and Bill Clinton in Both were acquitted by the senate: Johnson by one vote, and Clinton by 17 votes.
Additionally, the House Judiciary Committee commenced impeachment proceedings against Richard Nixon in ; however, he resigned from office before the full House voted on the articles of impeachment.
Succession to or vacancies in the office of president may arise under several possible circumstances: Deaths have occurred a number of times, resignation has occurred only once, and removal from office has never occurred.
Under Section 3 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the president may transfer the presidential powers and duties to the vice president, who then becomes acting president , by transmitting a statement to the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate stating the reasons for the transfer.
The president resumes the discharge of the presidential powers and duties upon transmitting, to those two officials, a written declaration stating that resumption.
Such a transfer of power has occurred on three occasions: Ronald Reagan to George H. Bush once, on July 13, , and George W.
Bush to Dick Cheney twice, on June 29, , and on July 21, Under Section 4 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the vice president, in conjunction with a majority of the Cabinet , may transfer the presidential powers and duties from the president to the vice president by transmitting a written declaration to the Speaker of the House and the president pro tempore of the Senate that the president is incapacitated —unable to discharge their presidential powers and duties.
If this occurs, then the vice president will assume the presidential powers and duties as acting president; however, the president can declare that no such inability exists and resume the discharge of the presidential powers and duties.
If the vice president and Cabinet contest this claim, it is up to Congress, which must meet within two days if not already in session, to decide the merit of the claim.
The Cabinet currently has 15 members, of which the Secretary of State is first in line; the other Cabinet secretaries follow in the order in which their department or the department of which their department is the successor was created.
Those department heads who are constitutionally ineligible to be elected to the presidency are also disqualified from assuming the powers and duties of the presidency through succession.
No statutory successor has yet been called upon to act as president. Throughout most of its history, politics of the United States have been dominated by political parties.
Political parties had not been anticipated when the U. Constitution was drafted in , nor did they exist at the time of the first presidential election in — Organized political parties developed in the U.
Those who supported the Washington administration were referred to as "pro-administration" and would eventually form the Federalist Party , while those in opposition joined the emerging Democratic-Republican Party.
Greatly concerned about the very real capacity of political parties to destroy the fragile unity holding the nation together, Washington remained unaffiliated with any political faction or party throughout his eight-year presidency.
He was, and remains, the only U. The number of presidents per political party at the time of entry into office are: The White House in Washington, D.
The site was selected by George Washington, and the cornerstone was laid in Every president since John Adams in has lived there.
At various times in U. The federal government pays for state dinners and other official functions, but the president pays for personal, family, and guest dry cleaning and food.
A place of solitude and tranquility, the site has been used extensively to host foreign dignitaries since the s.
The primary means of long distance air travel for the president is one of two identical Boeing VC aircraft, which are extensively modified Boeing airliners and are referred to as Air Force One while the president is on board although any U.
Air Force aircraft the president is aboard is designated as "Air Force One" for the duration of the flight. In-country trips are typically handled with just one of the two planes, while overseas trips are handled with both, one primary and one backup.
The president also has access to smaller Air Force aircraft, most notably the Boeing C , which are used when the president must travel to airports that cannot support a jumbo jet.
Any civilian aircraft the president is aboard is designated Executive One for the flight. For short distance air travel, the president has access to a fleet of U.
Marine Corps helicopters of varying models, designated Marine One when the president is aboard any particular one in the fleet. Flights are typically handled with as many as five helicopters all flying together and frequently swapping positions as to disguise which helicopter the president is actually aboard to any would-be threats.
For ground travel, the president uses the presidential state car , which is an armored limousine designed to look like a Cadillac sedan, but built on a truck chassis.
The president also has access to two armored motorcoaches , which are primarily used for touring trips. The presidential plane, called Air Force One when the president is inside.
Marine One helicopter, when the president is aboard. Secret Service is charged with protecting the president and the first family.
As part of their protection, presidents, first ladies , their children and other immediate family members, and other prominent persons and locations are assigned Secret Service codenames.
Under the Former Presidents Act , all living former presidents are granted a pension, an office, and a staff. The pension has increased numerous times with Congressional approval.
Bush , and all subsequent presidents. Some presidents have had significant careers after leaving office. Grover Cleveland , whose bid for reelection failed in , was elected president again four years later in Two former presidents served in Congress after leaving the White House: John Quincy Adams was elected to the House of Representatives, serving there for seventeen years, and Andrew Johnson returned to the Senate in John Tyler served in the provisional Congress of the Confederate States during the Civil War and was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives, but died before that body first met.
Presidents may use their predecessors as emissaries to deliver private messages to other nations or as official representatives of the United States to state funerals and other important foreign events.
Bill Clinton has also worked as an informal ambassador, most recently in the negotiations that led to the release of two American journalists , Laura Ling and Euna Lee , from North Korea.
Clinton has also been active politically since his presidential term ended, working with his wife Hillary on her and presidential bids and President Obama on his reelection campaign.
As of January there are four living former U. The most recent former president to die was George H. Bush — , on November 30, The living former presidents, in order of service, are:.
Every president since Herbert Hoover has created a repository known as a presidential library for preserving and making available his papers, records, and other documents and materials.
Completed libraries are deeded to and maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration NARA ; the initial funding for building and equipping each library must come from private, non-federal sources.
Hayes March 4, March 4, James Garfield March 4, September 19, Chester Arthur September 19, March 4, Grover Cleveland March 4, March 4, Benjamin Harrison March 4, March 4, William McKinley March 4, September 14, Theodore Roosevelt September 14, March 4, William Howard Taft March 4, March 4, Woodrow Wilson March 4, March 4, Harding March 4, August 2, Calvin Coolidge August 2, March 4, Herbert Hoover March 4, March 4, Roosevelt March 4, April 12, Truman April 12, January 20, Dwight Eisenhower January 20, January 20, Kennedy January 20, November 22,Dwight David Eisenhower — Kennedy was described as carefully framed "in rich detail" which "drew on the power of myth" regarding the incident of PT  and wrote that Kennedy understood how to use images to further his presidential ambitions. Retrieved July 29, George Clinton March 4, — March 4, William Howard Taft — However, these nominations require Senate confirmation. Under Section 4 of the Twenty-fifth Amendmentthe vice president, in game slot with a majority of the Cashpoint appmay transfer the presidential powers and duties from the president to the vice president by transmitting a written declaration to the Speaker of the House and the president pro tempore of the Senate that the president is incapacitated —unable to usa presidenten stakhovsky presidential powers and duties. United States presidential primaryBook of ra fixed States presidential nominating conventionUnited States presidential election debatesand United States presidential election. Imperial Presidency and Imperiled Presidency. It would amount to nothing more than the supreme command and direction of the military and naval forces The President of the United States has deutsche schwimmer olympia as the honorary president of the Boy Scouts of America since the founding of the organization. Andrew Johnson — Lived: Retrieved January 23, Book Category Casino vegas.be Portal. Several presidential libraries contain the graves of the president they document, including the Dwight D.
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It also established a mechanism by which an intra-term vacancy in the vice presidency could be filled. The following year, Ford became the second to do so when he chose Nelson Rockefeller to succeed him after he acceded to the presidency.
As no mechanism existed for filling an intra-term vacancy in the vice presidency prior to , the office was left vacant until filled through the next ensuing presidential election.
Throughout most of its history, American politics has been dominated by political parties. The Constitution is silent on the issue of political parties, and at the time it came into force in , there were no parties.
Soon after the 1st Congress convened, factions began rallying around dominant Washington Administration officials, such as Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson.
Greatly concerned about the capacity of political parties to destroy the fragile unity holding the nation together, Washington remained unaffiliated with any political faction or party throughout his eight-year presidency.
He was, and remains, the only U. Several presidents campaigned unsuccessfully for other U. Tyler served in the Provisional Confederate Congress from to He was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives in November , but died before he could take his seat.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see President of the United States disambiguation. Constitution of the United States Law Taxation.
Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections. Democratic Republican Third parties Libertarian Green. For example, George Washington served two consecutive terms and is counted as the first president not the first and second.
Grover Cleveland was both the 22nd president and the 24th president because his two terms were not consecutive. A vice president who temporarily becomes acting president under the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the Constitution is not counted, because the president remains in office during such a period.
As a result, his first term was only 1, days long as opposed to the usual 1, , and was the shortest term for a U. The elections of were the first ones in the United States that were contested on anything resembling a partisan basis.
As a result, his first term was only 1, days long, and was the shortest term for a U. Federalist John Adams was elected president, and Jefferson of the Democratic-Republicans was elected vice president.
Later, while president, Johnson tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union banner. Near the end of his presidency, Johnson rejoined the Democratic Party.
Arthur was initially sworn in as president on September 20, , and then again on September Retrieved October 1, Retrieved July 1, Retrieved January 22, Retrieved January 18, Retrieved March 6, Retrieved November 21, Retrieved November 27, Retrieved March 7, Retrieved January 20, Presidents of the United States.
Grant — Rutherford B. Hayes — James A. Garfield Chester A. Roosevelt — Harry S. Truman — Dwight D. Eisenhower — John F.
Kennedy — Lyndon B. Bush — Bill Clinton — George W. Bush — Barack Obama — Donald Trump —present. Wilson Harding Coolidge Hoover F.
Roosevelt Truman Eisenhower Kennedy L. Book Category List Portal. List of Presidents List of Vice Presidents. Acting President Designated survivor Line of succession.
Electoral College margin Popular vote margin Summary Winner lost popular vote. Senate vice presidential bust collection. Presidents actors Vice Presidents actors Candidates Line of succession.
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This article is part of a series on the. Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections.
United States portal Other countries Atlas. April 30, [d] — March 4, George Washington — Lived: Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army — John Adams [e] [f].
March 4, — March 4, John Adams — Lived: Thomas Jefferson — Lived: Aaron Burr March 4, — March 4, George Clinton March 4, — March 4, James Madison — Lived: George Clinton March 4, — April 20, Died in office.
Elbridge Gerry March 4, — November 23, Died in office. James Monroe — Lived: John Quincy Adams — Lived: Andrew Jackson — Lived: Calhoun [h] March 4, — December 28, Resigned from office.
Martin Van Buren March 4, — March 4, Martin Van Buren — Lived: March 4, — April 4, Died in office. William Henry Harrison — Lived: United States Minister to Colombia — John Tyler Succeeded to presidency.
April 4, [i] — March 4, John Tyler — Lived: Whig April 4, — September 13, Unaffiliated September 13, — March 4, [j].
March 4, — July 9, Died in office. Zachary Taylor — Lived: Millard Fillmore Succeeded to presidency. July 9, [k] — March 4, Millard Fillmore — Lived: Franklin Pierce — Lived: King March 4 — April 18, Died in office.
Chester Arthur September 19, March 4, Grover Cleveland March 4, March 4, Benjamin Harrison March 4, March 4, William McKinley March 4, September 14, Theodore Roosevelt September 14, March 4, William Howard Taft March 4, March 4, Woodrow Wilson March 4, March 4, Harding March 4, August 2, Calvin Coolidge August 2, March 4, Herbert Hoover March 4, March 4, Roosevelt March 4, April 12, Truman April 12, January 20, Dwight Eisenhower January 20, January 20, Kennedy January 20, November 22, Johnson November 22, January 20, Richard Nixon January 20, August 9, Gerald Ford August 9, January 20, Jimmy Carter January 20, January 20, Ronald Reagan January 20, January 20, George Bush January 20, January 20, Bill Clinton January 20, January 20, Bush January 20, January 20, Barack Obama January 20, January 20, April 4,Seine Amtszeit war glück- und glanzlos. Navy One wurde erstmals verwendet, als George W. Angesichts verschiedener Probleme innerhalb der Protestbewegung in den vergangenen Monaten, darunter Vorwürfe des Antisemitismus, ist unklar, ob die Beteiligung in diesem Jahr ähnlich hoch ist. Dafür wolle er den Demokraten aber beim Abschiebeschutz für junge Migranten entgegenkommen, die als Kinder illegal mit ihren Eltern in die USA gekommen waren. Liste der Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten. Die bisherigen Zahlen stammten vom Juni , als Trump nach massiven Protesten die erzwungenen Trennungen an der mexikanischen Grenze stoppte. Wäre Ford selbst gewählt worden, hätte er nicht mehr kandidieren können, da er von Nixons zweiter Amtszeit mehr als zwei Jahre lang das Amt des Präsidenten bekleidet hatte. Als Transgender werden Menschen bezeichnet, die sich nicht - oder nicht nur - mit dem Geschlecht identifizieren, das bei ihrer Geburt notiert wurde. Der Präsident wird nicht vom Kongress gewählt und kann von diesem nicht entlassen werden. So könnte er Gelder aus anderen Ministerien umleiten und den Mauerbau auch ohne Zustimmung des Parlaments finanzieren.